vitamins

Nutrient metabolism

Certain nutrients are essential for basic bodily functions, and a wide range of health claims have been authorised by the EU in this area. They include: Health claim ‘contributes to normal…’ Vitamin Mineral Other Macronutrient metabolism Biotin Chromium, Zinc *Homocysteine metabolism Folate, vitamin B12, vitamin B6 Betaine, Choline Energy-yielding metabolism Pantothenic acid, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, …

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Mental health

Numerous health claims have been authorised by the EU in this area. They fall into three major categories – psychological, cognitive and neurological claims. Many claims submitted for memory and its enhancement were rejected. Health claim ‘contributes to’ Vitamin Mineral Psychological Normal psychological function Biotin, Folate, Niacin, Vitamin B1, vitamin B12, vitamin B6, vitamin C …

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Immune system

The immune system is a complex collection of organs, cells and tissues that work collectively to protect the body against disease caused mostly by pathogens (bacteria, viruses, parasites and fungi). Parts of the immune system include the tonsils, lymph nodes, appendix, spleen, thymus, skin and mucous membranes. The lymph nodes in particular produce lymphocyte cells …

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Hair, nails and skin

Several claims have been authorised by the EU for vitamins and minerals that help maintain healthy hair, nails and skin. These include: Health claim ‘contributes to the maintenance of’ Vitamin Mineral Normal hair Biotin Selenium, Zinc Normal hair pigmentation   Copper Normal skin Niacin, vitamin A Iodine, Zinc Normal skin pigmentation   Copper Normal skin …

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Energy and exercise

Sports nutrition is a huge and growing market, with an array of products and ingredients authorised to claim that they boost physical performance. Energy, which is essential for stamina, is produced by the metabolism of food by the digestive system, with several vitamins and minerals involved in the process. A total of 20 health claims …

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Cellular health

Our bodies are made up of cells and it is therefore essential for cells to develop normally and remain healthy to ensure overall health. Health claims are now authorised across the EU for nutrients which have a role in cell division and specialisation, protection of cells from oxidative stress, and normal formation of red blood …

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Muscle & joint health

Several claims have been authorised for muscle and joint health. These include:- Health claim – ‘contributes to…’ Normal muscle function Calcium, Magnesium, Potassium, vitamin D* Growth in muscle mass Protein The maintenance of muscle mass Protein The maintenance of normal connective tissue Copper The formation of normal connective tissue Manganese Normal sulphur amino-acid metabolism Molybdenum …

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Bone and dental health

Several vitamins and minerals are essential for our bones and teeth to grow and remain healthy. It’s crucial, for example, for children to consume sufficient calcium as it’s needed for the growth of strong, dense bones and teeth, and as we get older it’s needed to keep them that way. This is why children are …

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Vitamins

The importance of certain ingredients in the diet for maintaining health has been known since ancient times. But the need for what we now call vitamins was first realised in the mid-18th century, when the Scottish surgeon James Lind found that citrus fruit helped to prevent sailors on long voyages from developing the disease scurvy. …

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