Health boosting Ingredients

In recent years, consumers have been much more aware of the need to eat healthily. Advertising campaigns have encouraged us to eat more fruit and vegetables, and cut our intake of salt. Many different food products are now available on the supermarket shelves that are designed to be ‘healthy’. This may be because they have lower levels of fat, sugar or salt, but often it is because of the presence of ingredients known to be beneficial to health.

Vitamins

The importance of certain ingredients in the diet for maintaining health has been known since ancient times. But the need for what we now call vitamins was first realised in the mid-18th century, when the Scottish surgeon James Lind found that citrus fruit helped to prevent sailors on long voyages from developing the disease scurvy. …

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Fish oils

Marine oils are good sources of omega-3 fatty acids, notably eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). They are extracted from various different oily fish, such as sardines, salmon, mackerel, tuna and herrings, but the fish do not make the oils themselves – they come from their own diet, usually microalgae, or for fish-eating fish, from other …

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Minerals

Many different minerals are essential for health, often in tiny amounts. Some of the most important are: Calcium has long been associated with formation of bones and teeth but has a wide role in human health, and claims have now been authorised for the maintenance of normal bones and teeth and also for the maintenance …

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Fibre

Consuming sufficient dietary fibre is essential to maintain a healthy digestive system. There are two main types of fibre – soluble and insoluble – and many different components of plants act as dietary fibres, including cellulose, lignin, beta-glucans and oligosaccharides. Insoluble fibre passes straight through the digestive tract unchanged. Because it absorbs water on the …

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