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Posts Tagged health claims

Mental health

Numerous health claims have been authorised by the EU in this area. They fall into three major categories – psychological, cognitive and neurological claims. Many claims submitted for memory and its enhancement were rejected.

Health claim ‘contributes to’ Vitamin Mineral
Psychological Normal psychological function Biotin, Folate, Niacin, Vitamin B1, vitamin B12, vitamin B6, vitamin C Magnesium
Cognitive* Normal cognitive function Iodine, Iron, Zinc
Cognitive development in children Iron
Mental performance Pantothenic acid
Neurological Contributes to functioning of the nervous system Vitamin B12, biotin,  niacin, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin B6, vitamin C
Copper, Iodine, Magnesium, Potassium
*A claim has also been authorised for water as it ‘contributes to physical and cognitive function’..
There also two important claims authorised for DHA (dodecahexanoic acid), a component of fish oil which can also be manufactured by fermentation. They are:-

  • ‘contributes to the maintenance of normal brain function (general population)’
  • ‘maternal intake (of DHA) contributes to normal brain development of the foetus and breastfed infants’.

A claim may be made for a single nutrient or several nutrients.

The EU Health Claims Register is dynamic in nature and should be checked for updates

Immune system

The immune system is a complex collection of organs, cells and tissues that work collectively to protect the body against disease caused mostly by pathogens (bacteria, viruses, parasites and fungi).

Parts of the immune system include the tonsils, lymph nodes, appendix, spleen, thymus, skin and mucous membranes.

The lymph nodes in particular produce lymphocyte cells (white blood cells) whose role is to destroy invading pathogens.

Eleven claims have been authorised by the EU for contributions to the normal function of the immune system, and these are:-

Health claim Vitamin Mineral
Contributes to the normal function of the immune system Vitamin A, vitamin B6, vitamin B12, vitamin C, vitamin D Copper, Iron, Selenium, Zinc

The claim may be made for one of the nutrients or several of the nutrients.

The EU Health Claims Register is dynamic in nature and should be checked for updates.

 

Hair, nails and skin

Several claims have been authorised by the EU for vitamins and minerals that help maintain healthy hair, nails and skin. These include:

Health claim ‘contributes to the maintenance of…’VitaminMineral
Normal hairBiotinSelenium, Zinc
Normal hair pigmentation Copper
Normal skinNiacin, vitamin AIodine, Zinc
Normal skin pigmentation Copper
Normal skin and mucous membranesNiacin, vitamin B2 
Normal mucous membranesVitamin A 
Normal collagen* formation for the normal function of skinVitamin C 
Normal nails Selenium,Zinc

*Collagen is the elastic net that helps to give the skin suppleness

The claims may be made for a single nutrient or several nutrients.

The EU Health Claims Register is dynamic in nature and should be checked for updates

Energy and exercise

Sports nutrition is a huge and growing market, with an array of products and ingredients authorised to claim that they boost physical performance.

Energy, which is essential for stamina, is produced by the metabolism of food by the digestive system, with several vitamins and minerals involved in the process.

A total of 20 health claims have been authorised in this area and may be summarised as:-

Health claim Vitamin Mineral Other
Contributes to normal energy-yielding metabolism Biotin, Niacin, Pantothenic acid, vitamin B1, vitamin B2,vitamin B6, vitamin B12, vitamin C* Calcium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Magnesium, Manganese*
Maintenance of endurance performance Carbohydrate/electrolyte solution
Enhances water absorption during exercise Carbohydrate/electrolyte solution
Increases physical performance in high intensity short bursts Creatine
Contributes to the maintenance of a normal immune system during/after intense exercise Vitamin C
Contributes to oxygen transport in the body Iron
*Claims may be made for a single nutrient or several nutrients

The EU Health Claims Register is dynamic in nature and should be checked for updates

 

Muscle & joint health

Several claims have been authorised for muscle and joint health. These include:-

Health claim – ‘contributes to…’
Normal muscle function Calcium, Magnesium, Potassium, vitamin D*
Growth in muscle mass Protein
The maintenance of muscle mass Protein
The maintenance of normal connective tissue Copper
The formation of normal connective tissue Manganese
Normal sulphur amino-acid metabolism Molybdenum
*A claim may be made for a single nutrient or several nutrients

Glucosamine, chondroitin and fish oils do not have claims authorised in this area but are widely used with joint health in the mind of the consumer, and may materialise in the future.

 

 

 

Nutrition claims & conditions governing their use

LOW ENERGY

ENERGY-REDUCED

ENERGY-FREE

LOW FAT

FAT-FREE

LOW SATURATED FAT

SATURATED FAT-FREE

LOW SUGAR

SUGAR-FREE

WITH NO ADDED SUGARS

LOW SODIUM/SALT

VERY LOW SODIUM/SALT

SODIUM-FREE or SALT-FREE

SOURCE OF FIBRE

HIGH FIBRE

SOURCE OF PROTEIN

HIGH PROTEIN

SOURCE OF (NAME OF VITAMIN/S) and/or (NAME OF MINERAL/S)

HIGH (NAME OF VITAMIN/S) and/or (NAME OF MINERAL/S)

CONTAINS (NAME OF THE NUTRIENT OR OTHER SUBSTANCE)

INCREASED (NAME OF THE NUTRIENT)

REDUCED (NAME OF THE NUTRIENT)

LIGHT/LITE

NATURALLY/NATURAL

SOURCE OF OMEGA-3 FATTY ACIDS

HIGH OMEGA-3 FATTY ACIDS

HIGH MONOUNSATURATED FAT

HIGH POLYUNSATURATED FAT

HIGH UNSATURATED FAT